The questionnaire is divided into three stages:

1.The returnees’ conditions before they left for abroad;
2.The returnees’ experience of migration lived abroad;
3.The returnees’ post-return conditions in the country of origin.

Stage 1

Stage 2

Stage 3

Situation before leaving the country of origin

Experience of migration lived in the main country of immigration

Return to the country of origin – Post-return conditions

  • Demographic and social characteristics ;
  • Reasons for leaving the country of origin;
  • Social and financial conditions before leaving the country of origin;
  • Composition of the household before leaving (if any);
  • Education and skills before leaving;
  • Professional situation.
  • Experience of migration;
  • Reasons for having lived in the country(ies) of immigration;
  • Duration of the experience lived abroad;
  • Social and financial conditions in the immigration country(ies);
  • Composition of the household (if any);
  • Education and skills acquired abroad;
  • Professional and financial situation;
  • Relationships with the local institutions abroad and the receiving society;
  • Links/contacts with the origin country.
  • Return journey;
  • Reasons and factors motivating return;
  • Expected duration of the return;
  • Social and financial conditions after return;
  • Composition of the household after return;
  • Education and skills acquired after return;
  • Professional and financial status after return;
  • Relationships with the local institutions and the society in the country of origin after return;
  • Links with the former immigration country(ies);
  • Post-return projects.

This three-stage structure allows, among others, the evolution of several sociodemographic variables to be analysed in a diachronic way.

These three stages allow the factors inherent in the returnees’ migratory experience, as well as those that are external to it to be identified, while viewing return as a changing process, whether it is permanent or temporary. In other words, thanks to this approach, it possible:

  • To understand the extent to which the experience of migration, as well as the social and institutional context at home, have impacted on patterns of reintegration;
  • To analyse why and how the human social and financial capital of the interviewee has changed over time;
  • To compare diachronically the various factors having motivated and shaped the migratory stages.